Permethrin - flea treatment can kill animals

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Permethrin - flea treatment can kill animals

Postby Steph-n-Wolf » Sun Sep 12, 2004 1:27 am

More and more I am finding the people I know use bio-spot/hartz/similar products. (even my own mother!) I warn, and warn... I thought that maybe some of the forum members could benifit from having this info.....

CONSUMER ALERT
July 14, 2002
How Bio Spot Works
According to Farnam's website, the ingredients in Bio Spot "move around your dog's coat by several processes including diffusion and capillary action, and transfer from hair to hair as the pet moves." That may lead you to believe that these ingredients stay on your dog's coat, therefore it must be safe. The truth is these toxic chemicals are absorbed by the skin and enter the bloodsteam, much like the way a nicotine patch delivers nicotine to the brain.

The main active ingredient in Bio Spot is a pesticide known as Permethrin (it is used in more than 18 similar products, including Bayer K9 Advantix, Defend EXspot, and Hartz Control OneSpot). It kills insect's by disrupting their nervous system (this is also how nerve gas works). However, it cannot distinguish between an insect's nervous system, a dog's nervous system, or a human's nervous system. That is why it is important to wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water after handling.

BY JAMES TERBUSH
ANIMAL PROTECTION OF NEW MEXICO, INC.
http://www.apnm.org/publications.html

Serious Risk to Health
While never claiming their Bio Spot product is safe for dogs, the Farnam website states, "Nearly all dogs tolerate Bio Spot well." However, that does not mean it is safe for ANY dog. The word "tolerate" means
to bear, endure, or suffer. According to the National Resources Defence Council:

"Many and perhaps most Americans believe that commercially available pesticides, such as those found in pet products, are tightly regulated by the government. In fact, they are not. Not until the passage of a 1996 law focused on pesticides in food did the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) begin examining the risks from pesticides in pet products in earnest. To this day, the EPA allows the manufacture and sale of pet products containing hazardous insecticides with little or no demonstration that a child's exposure to these ingredients would be safe. Just because these products are on store shelves does
not mean they have been tested or can be presumed safe."

"Of course, as bad as these products may be for pet owners and caregivers, they often are worse for
the pets themselves. Based on the very limited data available, it appears that hundreds and probably thousands of pets have been injured or killed through exposure to pet products containing pesticides.
As with small children, pets cannot report when they're being poisoned at low doses."

National Resources Defence Council
Health Hazards from Flea and Tick Products (Executive Summary)
November, 2000

What is known about Bio Spot's main active ingredient, Permethrin? A few drops of it can be deadly to a cat. Toxicological studies have linked this pesticide to serious acute and chronic health effects. The EPA has classified it as a possible human carcinogen because it causes lung and liver tumors in laboratory animals. It suppresses the immune system. Permethrin is also suspected to have played
an important role in the development of illnesses known as the Gulf War Syndrome.

In a recently published journal entitled, Experimental Neurology, researchers at Duke University Medical Center found that frequent and prolonged use of Permethrin on adult rats lead to cell death in their brains. In another recent study, researchers at Virginia Tech found that low-level exposure to Permethrin caused changes in the brain that could lead to Parkinson's Disease.

The inert ingredients in Bio Spot, which are not disclosed, may pose an even greater risk because they receive much less scrutiny by the Environmental Protection Agency. The cumulative and synergistic
effects of these chemicals are not required to be tested for safety.

Is it true that nearly all dogs tolerate Bio Spot well? Perhaps, but the risks include severe adverse reactions, which could be fatal, and the risks of long-term exposure are unknown.

How do I report an adverse reaction to a flea control product?

Please contact the EPA by telephoning the National Pesticide Information Center
(NPIC) on 1-800-858-7378, seven days a week excluding holidays, from 6:30 AM to 4:30 PM Pacific Time
fax them (514) 737-0761
send them email at
npic@ace.orst.edu.

Also report the adverse reaction to the manufacturer of the product by calling the phone number listed on their packaging.

To learn more about the health risks of pet products containing
pesticides and safer alternatives, visit the following websites:

TOPICAL FLEA CONTROL PRODUCTS
http://www.exoticpetsvet.com/fleas.html


HOW TO GROOM PETS FOR FLEES
http://www.care2.com/channels/solutions/pets/234


MANAGING FLEAS WITHOUT POISONS
http://www.mindfully.org/Pesticide/Flea ... oisons.htm


CURE AND PREVENT FLEAS NATURALLY
http://www.lacetoleather.com/savefleacure.html


FLEA/TICK PESTICIDE RISKS
http://www.ygrr.org/doginfo/safety-flea-tick.htm


FLEAS, TICKS, MOSQUITOES - PREVENTION AND TREATMENT
http://www.paw-rescue.org/PAW/PETTIPS/D ... ention.php


PRO-TICK REMEDY - THE BEST TICK REMOVAL TOOL
http://www.tickinfo.com/protickremedy.htm


MIX OF CHEMICALS PLUS STRESS DAMAGES BRAIN, LIVER IN ANIMALS AND LIKELY IN HUMANS
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/20 ... 071523.htm


ASSESSING LEVELS OF INTERMITTENT EXPOSURES OF CHILDREN TO FLEA CONTROL INSECTICIDES FROM THE FUR OF DOGS
http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncer_abstracts/ind ... stract/779


PESTICIDE EXPOSURE MAY IMPAIR CHILDREN'S BRAIN FUNCTION
http://www.purelypets.com/healthalert/p ... posure.htm


CHILDREN'S CANCER AND PESTICIDES
http://www.monitor.net/rachel/r588.html


PESTICIDE EFFECTS IN CHILDREN
http://www.cape.ca/children/neuro6.html


PESTICIDE EXPOSURE AND YOUR HEALTH
http://www.caps.20m.com/facts.htm


PESTICIDES IN YOUR HOME
http://www.checnet.org/healthehouse/edu ... ain_ID=439


BEWARE THE AIR YOU BREATHE AT HOME
http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2003/09/ ... 3504.shtml


EFFECTS OF PERMETHRIN EXPOSURE ON BRAIN FUNCTION
http://toxsci.oupjournals.org/cgi/conte ... t/60/2/305


PESTICIDE EXPOSURE DURING PREGNANCY
http://www.chem-tox.com/pregnancy/pregpest.htm


PARKINSON'S LINKED TO INSECTICIDE USE
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/738020.stm


DATA LINK INSECTICIDE AND PARKINSON'S
http://www.applesforhealth.com/HealthyS ... park4.html


RISE IN BRAIN DISEASE LINKED TO ENVIRONMENT, OBSERVER REPORTS
http://quote.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pi ... fer=europe


INSECTICIDE CAUSES MAD COW DISEASE
http://www.mercola.com/2000/dec/17/bovi ... isease.htm


PYRETHROIDS AND THE RISK OF BREAST CANCER
http://envirocancer.cornell.edu/bibliog ... throid.cfm


PYRETHROIDS: NOT AS SAFE AS YOU THINK
http://www.anapsid.org/pyrethroids.html


FARM HARM: AG CHEMICALS MAY CAUSE PROSTATE CANCER
http://www.phschool.com/science/science ... state.html


PESTICIDE BUGS AIR PASSENGERS - SPRAY TO HALT SPREAD OF DISEASE SICKENS SOME
http://www.junkscience.com/news3/airpest.htm


FLIGHT ATTENDANTS CALL FOR END TO ON-BOARD INSECTICIDES
http://www.nwlaborpress.org/2004/5-7-04AFA.html


HARTZ CONTROL ONE-SPOT
http://www.moggies.co.uk/warning.html#hartz


FLEA -CONTROL PRODUCTS THREATEN PETS AND HUMANS
http://www.ecoworld.org/Earth/articles/ ... fm?TID=143


JURY AWARDS HORSE FARM $1 MILLION IN FEED ADDITIVE LAWSUIT
http://www.standardbredcanada.ca/news/i ... l0408.html


VETERINARY MEDICINE: POISONINGS IN PETS
http://vetmedicine.about.com/library/we ... 42600a.htm


PERMETHRIN AND PYRETHRIN TOXICITY: FLEA PRODUCT TOXICITY
http://www.petplace.com/articles/artShow.asp?artID=1254


DRUG REACTION IN CATS WORRIES AREA VETS
http://www.theolympian.com/home/news/20 ... 0438.shtml


HARTZ FLEA, TICK DROPS GENERATING THOUSANDS OF COMPLAINTS
http://www.nbc6.net/money/3529286/detail.html


CAT DIES AFTER GETTING OVER-THE-COUNTER FLEA TREATMENT
http://www.thekansascitychannel.com/fam ... etail.html


FOOD EVEN A DOG SHOULDN'T EAT - KILLING OUR PETS WITH EVERY MEAL
http://drjackie.freeservers.com/article ... a_dog.html


DOGS AND PESTICIDE USE
http://www.aces.edu/pubs/docs/U/UNP-0050/UNP-0050.pdf


PESTICIDE RISKS TO DOGS
http://members.aol.com/abywood/www/program.htm


GREYHOUNDS OF EASTERN MICHIGAN
http://www.gemgreyhounds.org/guide/gde_med.htm


GOLDEN RETRIEVER RESCUE OF MID-FLORIDA
http://www.grrmf.org/grrmf-health.html


WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT FLEA AND TICK PRODUCTS
http://www.hsus.org/ace/11795


POISONS ON PETS: HEALTH HAZARDS FROM FLEA AND TICK PRODUCTS
http://www.nrdc.org/health/effects/pets/execsum.asp


REVIEW OF INCIDENT DATA FOR HARTZ MOUNTAIN FLEA AND TICK CONTROL PRODUCTS
http://www.fox8wghp.com/foys/EPA_Report.pdf


CANINE REVOLUTION DANGERS - SAGE'S STORY
http://www.doglogic.com/revolution.htm


SAGE'S STORY FOLLOW-UP
http://www.doglogic.com/revolution2.htm


THE HORRIBLE ODESSEY
http://www.thedogplace.com/library/articles10.htm


NEUROTOXICITY IN DOGS & CATS
http://www.ivis.org/special_books/Braun ... #pyrethrin


HEALTH HAZARDS POSED TO PESTICIDE APPLICATORS
http://www.pesticide.org/RHSLApplicatorExposure.pdf


RECOGNITION AND MANAGEMENT OF PESTICIDE POISONING
http://www.epa.gov/oppfead1/safety/heal ... ndbook.pdf


MECHANISMS OF PYRETHROID NEUROTOXICITY
http://www.rx.uga.edu/main/home/toxi/ph ... throid.pdf


SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF PESTICIDE POISONING
http://www.rst2.edu/ties/DDTS/university/docs/toxic.pdf


ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH PERSPECTIVES
http://www.herc.org/news/mcsarticles/forum.html


PESTICIDE FACTS
http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Environment/R ... tfact.html


RESEARCHER SAYS WORK'S TIE TO WAR ILLNESS GOT HIM FIRED
http://home.att.net/~vet_updates/jmoss.htm


WHY PESTICIDE SPRAYING FOR WEST NILE VIRUS MAY CAUSE MORE HARM THAN GOOD
http://www.meepi.org/wnv/overkillma.htm


WHY IT IS DIFFICULT TO GET INCIDENT DATA FROM THE U.S. EPA
http://www.network-democracy.org/epa/ar ... 00236.html



*********************************************************************
Steph-n-Wolf
 

Postby barbponys » Sun Sep 12, 2004 11:25 am

Excellent post Steph. I had someone come into the store looking for chrysanthimum powder to use on the carpets. It may be natural but it is still toxic. Since that is the base for pyrethrin/permethrin flea treatments, he went home with some flea go instead. Boric acid is a fleas worst enemy.
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Postby Steph-n-Wolf » Sun Sep 12, 2004 11:59 am

There are comercial ant killers that have arsinic as their active ingrediant. People buy and use these in family situations without much concern for children and pets. I say, boric acid in sugar water or honey... or buy "Tero" brand ant killer (boric acid mix) ... you still treat it like any dangerous substance, but touching it/ licking a bit up off of a paw from accidental exposure is NOT going to kill like ARSINIC will! a bit off topic, sure.... but mentioning boric acid reminded me....
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Postby pocketpit » Sun Sep 12, 2004 3:59 pm

I'd like to point out that while some dogs may tolerate pyrethrins, CATS CAN NOT! So many people out there don't read labels. I can't even begin to tell you how many cats we see in a year for pyrethrin toxicity due to a well meaning but ignorant owner putting one of those products on. Then there are the families who put it on their dog with little thought to the family cat. Just this week we had a family with two cats come in. They use Advantage on their dog, but the neighbors dog that they dogsit had BioSpot applied before it came over to the house. The dogs and cats interact a lot and as a result they ended up out our clinic. Once cat made it, but sadly the other cat didn't. :sad:
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Postby SuperNova » Sun Sep 12, 2004 7:51 pm

pocketpit wrote:I'd like to point out that while some dogs may tolerate pyrethrins, CATS CAN NOT! So many people out there don't read labels. I can't even begin to tell you how many cats we see in a year for pyrethrin toxicity due to a well meaning but ignorant owner putting one of those products on. Then there are the families who put it on their dog with little thought to the family cat. Just this week we had a family with two cats come in. They use Advantage on their dog, but the neighbors dog that they dogsit had BioSpot applied before it came over to the house. The dogs and cats interact a lot and as a result they ended up out our clinic. Once cat made it, but sadly the other cat didn't. :sad:


That's why im glad my dogs dont interact w/ the house cat.. she just stays away from the dogs. I ordered some Advantage for snickers and nova a couple days ago, so I'll be very careful to make sure that the dogs and the cat dont interact. Good post, nice to keep people informed. :thumbsup:
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Postby Erika » Sun Sep 12, 2004 8:26 pm

Cats cannot metabolize PERMETHRENS which is found in k9-advantix. it says DO NOT USE ON CATS over 20 times on the packaging.

it is not entirely true that PYRETHRINS are primarily used for flea control. IMIDACLOPRID is the active ingredient in advantage that is used to kill fleas. in Frontline the active ingredient used to kill fleas AND ticks is Fipronil

In K-9Advantix both imidacloprid AND permethrins are used. The permethrin is used primarily for ticks, it sucks for flea control.

if you use ADVANTAGE for your dogs or cats, the ingredients are identical, they can interact with no ill effects.

Frontline is also safe for use in both dogs and cats.

K-9advantix is NOT safe for cats, hence the name K-9. If you use this product on your dogs, you must wait until the product is fully dried before any interaction with the cat. I usually recommend 24 hours to be safe.

store-bought products, like Hartz and Bio spot are very ineffective, and unsafe.

I ordered some Advantage for snickers and nova a couple days ago, so I'll be very careful to make sure that the dogs and the cat dont interact.


if you indeed ordered ADVANTAGE you should be fine, regardless. [/i]
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