Javma research on home-cooked diets for chronic renal diseas

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Javma research on home-cooked diets for chronic renal diseas

Postby Misskiwi67 » Thu May 24, 2012 3:49 pm

I just thought this was interesting and would pass it on. I will have to see if I can pick up the hard copy to see where the diet recipes were found.
J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2012 Mar 1;240(5):532-8.
Evaluation of recipes for home-prepared diets for dogs and cats with chronic kidney disease.
Larsen JA, Parks EM, Heinze CR, Fascetti AJ.
Source
Department of Molecular Biosciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California-Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA. jabones@ucdavis.edu
Abstract
OBJECTIVE:
To evaluate recipes of diets recommended for animals with chronic kidney disease (CKD), compare nutritional profiles for those recipes to requirements for adult dogs and cats, and assess their appropriateness for the management of CKD.
DESIGN:
Evaluation study.
SAMPLE:
Recipes of 67 home-prepared diets promoted for use in dogs (n = 39 recipes) and cats (28) with CKD.
PROCEDURES:
Recipes were analyzed with computer software to determine calories, macronutrient calorie distribution, and micronutrient concentrations and were assessed for appropriateness for the management of CKD.
RESULTS:
Assumptions were required for the analysis of every recipe, and no recipe met all National Research Council nutrient recommended allowances (RA) for adult animals. Compared with RAs, concentrations of crude protein or at least 1 amino acid were low in 30 of 39 (76.9%) canine recipes and 12 of 28 (42.9%) feline recipes. Choline was most commonly below the RA in both canine (37/39 [94.9%]) and feline (23/28 [82.1%]) recipes; selenium (34/39 [87.2%] canine and 9/28 [32.1 %] feline recipes), zinc (24/39 [61.5%] canine and 19/28 [67.9%] feline recipes), and calcium (22/39 [56.4%] canine and 7/28 [25.0%] feline recipes) concentrations were also frequently below recommendations. The median phosphorus concentration in canine and feline recipes was 0.58 and 0.69 g/1,000 kcal, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE:
Many problems with nutritional adequacy were detected, and use of the recipes could result in highly variable and often inappropriate diets. Many recipes would not meet nutritional and clinical needs of individual patients and should be used cautiously for long-term feeding.
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Re: Javma research on home-cooked diets for chronic renal di

Postby amelie » Thu May 24, 2012 5:29 pm

Interesting stuff. Is there a copy that goes into more detail as far as what these diets were made with? Ingredients used and amounts.
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Re: Javma research on home-cooked diets for chronic renal di

Postby Misskiwi67 » Thu May 24, 2012 9:54 pm

amelie wrote:Interesting stuff. Is there a copy that goes into more detail as far as what these diets were made with? Ingredients used and amounts.


I don't know if I can get access to it yet. I'm hoping one of my co-workers has the issue of JAVMA laying around somewhere, its reasonably recent. I tend to scan mine and then toss them, and somehow I missed this article.
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Re: Javma research on home-cooked diets for chronic renal di

Postby amelie » Thu May 24, 2012 10:45 pm

That would be awesome if you could get ahold of that. I would be very interested in reading it.
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Re: Javma research on home-cooked diets for chronic renal di

Postby Misskiwi67 » Fri May 25, 2012 3:44 pm

Here are the recipes analyzed. I have access to the full print article, and while I cannot copy it for everyone, I can send a copy to anyone interested.

16. Nguyen P. Examples home-prepared diets adapted to the dietetic treatment of chronic renal disease. In: Pibot P Biourge V Elliott D, eds. Encyclopedia of canine clinical nutrition. Paris: Aniwa SAS, 2006;278–279.
17. Khalsa D. Cooking for healthier kidneys. In: Dr. Khalsa's natural dog. Irvine, Calif: Bowtie Press, 2009;277–279.
18. Messonnier S. Kidney disease. In: Natural health bible for dogs and cats. New York: Prima Publishing, 2001;121–127.
19. Olson L. Diets for kidney needs. In: Raw and natural nutrition for dogs. Berkeley, Calif: North Atlantic Books, 2010;141–149.
20. Pitcairn RH Pitcairn SH. Kidney failure. In: Dr. Pitcairn's complete guide to natural health for dogs and cats. 2nd ed. Emmaus, Pa: Rodale Press Inc, 1995;282–286.
21. Pitcairn RH Pitcairn SH. Kidney failure. In: Dr. Pitcairn's complete guide to natural health for dogs and cats. 3nd ed. Emmaus, Pa: Rodale Press Inc, 2005;361–367.
22. Remillard RL Crane SW. Making pet foods at home. In: Hand MS Thatcher CD Remillard RL, et al, eds. Small animal clinical nutrition. 5th ed. Topeka, Kan: Mark Morris Institute, 2010;207–224.
23. Schenck PA. Dog recipes for renal disease; cat recipes for renal disease. In: Home-prepared dog and cat diets. 2nd ed. Ames, Iowa: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010;416–501.
24. Strombeck DR. Diet and chronic renal disease. In: Home-prepared dog and cat diets: the healthy alternative. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University Press, 1999;253–278.
25. Weiskopf J. Part 3: home cooking recipes. In: Pet food nation. New York: Harper-Collins, 2007;97–148.
26. All Creature Care. Chronic kidney disease and uremia in dogs, cats, and ferrets. Available at: www.2ndchance.info/renaldisease.htm. Accessed Aug 20, 2010.
27. Five Leaf Pet Pharmacy Inc. Canine kidney health. Available at: caninekidneyhealth.com/diet.html. Accessed Jul 20, 2011.
28. Frazier A. Kidney disease. In: The natural cat: the comprehensive guide to optimum care. New York: Plume, 2008;426–432.
29. Cat Behavior Training. Home made cat food recipes. Available at: catbehaviortraining.com/catrecipes_renal.html. Accessed Jul 20, 2011.
30. Delaney SJ. How a diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Nutrition can help your practice and patients. Compend Contin Educ Pract Vet 2011; 33:E1–E3.
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